The Great Wall
Long history of building the Great Wall, the magnificent works great, is the world’s rare miracle. The Great Wall goes stretching in the four corners of the world, our great motherland vast land. It looks like a dragon, over mountains, through the vast prairie, across the vast desert, toward the vast sea. According to historical records, there are more than 20 countries and the feudal lords Dynasty hasconstructed the Great Wall if constructs each time the Great Wall together, there is more than 100 thousand miles. Which Qin, Han Dynasty, the 3 dynasties and the length of the repair the Great Wall are more than 10 thousand. Xinjiang, Gansu, Ningxia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Henan, Shandong, Hubei,,,,, Hunan, and other provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions have the remains of the ancient the Great Wall, the peak fire station. Which only the the Great Wall in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region reached more than 3.
The Ming Dynasty in the “outside” of the Great Wall, but also the construction of the “inside” and “Three -” the Great Wall the Great Wall. “Neiguan” the Great Wall in the Qi of the building as the foundation, from the junction of Inner Mongolia and Shanxi in the west of the East Pianguan, Yanmenguan, Zhucheng flat off into the Hebei, and then turned to the northeast, Fangshan, Changping, the source of the county, to pass, then by the North and East, four customs, and “” outside of the Great Wall to the Huairou is connected to Zijinguan as the center, roughly north-south. “Three -” the Great Wall in many places and “inside” the Great Wall in parallel, in some places two cities are separated by only dozens of years. In addition, but also the construction of a large number of heavy city”. Yanmenguan vicinity of the “city” has as many as 24!
The Great Wall is the miracle of the Chinese ancient working people. Since Qin Shihuang began, the construction of the Great Wall has been a big project. According to records, chinshihhuang used the nearly million labor force the construction of the Great Wall, the country’s total population of 1/20! There were no machinery, except the earth, brick can be used to transport the donkey thegoat could climb a mountain cattle, are all rely on human labor, work environment and the cliff, high mountains and lofty hills. Can imagine, no large crowd of hard work, is unable to complete this huge project.
The great wall of the project, according to a rough estimate, onlyconstructs take the Ming Dynasty as an example, if the masonry, earth to build a 1 meters thick and 5 meters high wall, more than a week around the earth. If it is used to build a 5 meters wide, 35 cm thick, it will be able to circle around the earth three or four weeks. If the total of 100 thousand stock calculation of all dynasties, is the long wall around the earth several weeks, this road, around the earth for thirty or forty weeks.
“Because of the terrain, the Cypriot insurance system” is an important experience of the construction of the Great Wall, in Qin Shihuang’s time already affirmed it, Sima Qian put it into the “historical records”. Each dynasty after the construction of the Great Wall are in accordance with this principle. Every isconstructs Guan Chengai the mouth all the right and wrong choice in the valley between two mountains or rivers transitionplace. Pingchuan or contacts must pass through, so as to control. It can save manpower and materials, in order to reach the “one man opens” effect. The construction of the castle or the Beacon Tower also is the choice in how to place as for to construct the city wall, it is to make use of the terrain, such as Juyongguan, the Great Wall in Badaling are along the mountain back of the building, some sections from the outer wall looking very dangerous, the inside is flat, “easily defensible” the effect of. In the territory of Liaoning in the Ming Dynasty, the town of Liaodong the Great Wall has a call Shanxian wall, splitting the gable, is to use the cliff, the cliff slightly truncates becomes the Great Wall. Take full advantage of the cliffs, some local rivers and lakes as a natural barrier, it can be said that Art beats nature..
The Great Wall, as a great project, has become a valuable heritage of the Chinese nation.
The Great Wall location
The Great Wall is located in the north of China, which is located in Shanhaiguan, Bohai Bay, Hebei Province, province, Gansu Province, the west to inland areas of Jiayuguan province. Across Hebei, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu and other seven provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, a total length of 6700 km, with about 13300 in the world for the “Great Wall” reputation.
The history of the Great Wall
The Great Wall in the north of China, began in the Warring States Qin, Zhao, Yan three kingdoms. Why are they in the sparsely populated north to build such a huge cost of manpower and material resources in the Great Wall? What is the role of the the Great Wall at that time? What value? This article will talk about these issues, for your reference.